during的翻译与解释是什么

发布于 2023-07-03 20:43:01      浏览 125

during的翻译与解释是什么

详情:

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during
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音标:英 ['djʊərɪŋ] 美 ['dʊrɪŋ]
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解释:
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prep. 在…的时候,在…的期间
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n. (During)人名;(法)迪兰;(瑞典、利比)杜林
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中文词源:
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during 在期间来自拉丁语durus, 硬,词源同endure, tree.引申义持久,一段时间,期间。
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英文词源:
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during
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during: [14] During, like durable [14], durance [15], duration [14], duress, and endure [14], comes ultimately from the Latin adjective dūrus ‘hard’. This goes back to an earlier *drūros, which is related to Irish dron ‘solid’, Lithuanian drūtas ‘strong, solid’, and Sanskrit dāruna- ‘strong, hard’, and links with Irish daur ‘oak’ (a possible relative of druid) and Greek drus ‘oak’ suggest that its original underlying meaning was ‘oak wood’, from which ‘hard’ developed as a metaphorical extension.
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The Latin verb dūrāre meant originally literally ‘harden’, but this widened (perhaps with memories of an underlying sense ‘strong, resilient’) to ‘continue in existence, last’. It is these notions of ‘continuance’, ‘strength’, and ‘perseverance’ that emerge in different proportions in durable, duration, and endure, and indeed in during, which is a translation of Old French durant, the present participle of durer ‘last’: phrases such as ‘during the day’ mean etymologically ‘as long as the day lasts’. Durance, an archaic term for ‘imprisonment’, originally denoted ‘length of sentence’, and so is virtually equivalent to the modern ‘for the duration’.
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=> durable, duration, duress, endure
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during (prep.)
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late 14c., durand, present participle of obsolete verb duren "to last, endure" (mid-13c.), from Old French durer, from Latin durare "endure" (see endure). During the day really is "while the day endures," and the usage is a transference into English of a Latin ablative absolute (compare durante bello "during (literally 'enduring') the war").
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双语例句:
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1. She rejected his advances during the trip to Cannes.
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在去往戛纳的途中,她拒绝了他的挑逗。
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来自柯林斯例句
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2. He lost two stone in weight during his time there.
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他在那儿的时候体重下降了2英石。
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来自柯林斯例句
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3. She produced the knife during arguments with her friends.
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在和朋友争吵的时候,她掏出了刀。
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来自柯林斯例句
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4. She conceded just three points on her service during the first set.
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她在第一盘自己的发球局仅失了3分。
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来自柯林斯例句
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5. Walking and golf increased in popularity during the 1980s.
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在20世纪80年代越来越多的人喜欢上了远足或是打高尔夫球。
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来自柯林斯例句
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更多相关例句:
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I only saw her once during my stay in Rome.
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我在罗马逗留期间只见过她一次。【牛津词典】
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Please remain seated during the performance.
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演出期间请不要站起来。【牛津词典】
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He was taken to the hospital during the night.
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他在夜间被送到医院。【牛津词典】
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during the 1990s
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在20世纪90年代【牛津词典】
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There are extra flights to Colorado during the winter.
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冬季有飞往科罗拉多的增开航班。【牛津词典】
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During his visit, the Pope will also bless the new hospital.
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在访问期间,教皇还将为新医院祈福。【柯林斯高阶英语词典】
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Wages have fallen by more than twenty percent during the past two months...
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在过去的两个月里,薪资降幅超过 20%。【柯林斯高阶英语词典】
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American business in Britain during the 1950s grew much faster than British business.
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20 世纪 50 年代,美国企业在英国的发展速度要比英国本土企业快得多。【柯林斯高阶英语词典】
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The attack is believed to have been carried out during the early morning hours...
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据信进攻是在清晨时发起的。【柯林斯高阶英语词典】
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Sandstorms are common during the Saudi Arabian winter...
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在沙特阿拉伯,冬季里沙尘暴很常见。【柯林斯高阶英语词典】
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Plants need to be looked after and protected during bad weather.
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天气恶劣时要留意照看好植物。【柯林斯高阶英语词典】
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There are few sellers in the market, so price remains high.
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市场上卖方寥寥无几, 因此价格仍然是高的.【期刊摘选】
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During that time, she so gained my aunt's confidence that she was put in charge of the domestic staff.
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在这期间, 她得到了我姑姑如此的信任,结果被委任为家仆的负责人.【《用法词典》】
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They suffered some major setbacks during the fighting.
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在这次战斗中,他们遭到了严重挫折.【《简明英汉词典》】
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A new method of fuel injection was developed during the war.
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一种新的注油方法在战争期间发展起来.【《简明英汉词典》】
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During his presidency many changes took place.
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在他任职期间发生了许多变化.【《简明英汉词典》】
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Many people die of starvation during famines every year.
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每年发生饥荒时都有许多人饿死.【《简明英汉词典》】
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A small boat drifted in during the night, with no one on board.
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夜间漂来一条无人的小船.【《简明英汉词典》】
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The few small rivers could not hold all the rain that fell during the wet season.
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几条小河容不下雨季的全部雨水.【《现代汉英综合大词典》】
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We must decide between going home and staying at school during this winter vacation.
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我们必须决定寒假期间是回家还是留在学校.【《简明英汉词典》】
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Low sales for turbot during the past months have led to a price drop.
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大菱前几个月交易量偏低,导致价格下降.【《简明英汉词典》】
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During the break, the sports ground rang with happy shouts.
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课间休息时, 操场上回响着欢快的声音.【《简明英汉词典》】
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During the seventies, her acting career was in eclipse.
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在七十年代, 她的表演生涯黯然失色.【《简明英汉词典》】
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During his serious illness he lost over ten jin.
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他害了一场大病,体重掉了十多斤.【《现代汉英综合大词典》】
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Japan was in alliance with Germany and Italy during the Second World War.
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第二次世界大战时,日本和德国、意大利结盟.【《现代汉英综合大词典》】
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In his book, Team of Teams, General Stanley McChrystal describes how the army's hierarchical structure hindered its operations during the early stages of the Iraq war.【出自-2017年6月阅读原文】
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Donohue, now a history teacher, agrees that it helped during certain parts of her education: I can definitely remember what I learned on certain days at school.【出自-2017年6月阅读原文】
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Scientists identified 20 of the one-meter-long snakes during two trips to the Caribbean islands.【出自-2017年6月听力原文】
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But carrots got their biggest boost during the two world wars when food shortages forced people to eat them and governments told everyone how healthy carrots were.【出自-2017年6月听力原文】
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During the second half of the 20th century, grain prices rose dramatically several times.【出自-2016年6月阅读原文】
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We validated these expectations in a study in which two other psychologists and I monitored 373 students for two years during the transition to junior high school, when the work gets more difficult and the grading -102- more strict, to determine how their mind-sets might affect their math grades.【出自-2016年12月阅读原文】
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As a result, their math grades overtook those of the other students by the end of the first semester—and the gap between the two groups continued to widen during the two years we followed them.【出自-2016年12月阅读原文】
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Crews have managed to provide heat packs and blankets to the miners so that they can keep warm during the rescue operation, Verfuss said.【出自-2016年12月听力原文】
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When Jonathan Swift proposed, in 1729, that the people of Ireland eat their children, he insisted it would solve three problems at once: feed the hungry masses, reduce the population during a severe depression, and stimulate the restaurant business.【出自-2015年12月阅读原文】
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The divorce rate rose again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.【出自-2012年6月阅读原文】
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People enjoy it all the more during a recession.【出自-2011年12月阅读原文】
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Black students feel somewhat embarrassed among white peers during the freshman year.【出自-2011年6月阅读原文】
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During her two years with the Peace Corps, Donna lived in a village in northeastern Brazil.【出自-2013年12月听力原文】
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The 4-H girls planted trees and took care of them during the early stages of growth.【出自-2013年6月听力原文】
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Unfortunately, one serious problem developed during the year.【出自-2011年12月听力原文】
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To prevent such tragedies, fire fighter Eric Velez gives talks to children in his community, explaining that they should never hide during a fire.【出自-2010年12月听力原文】
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For example, during one lunch period, my friend Denny and I went to the Graben Gore Restaurant to have a hot dog【出自-2010年12月听力原文】
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He often teaches children what to do during a fire.【出自-2010年12月听力原文】
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It goes down during economic recession.【出自-2010年6月听力原文】
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About 35 percent of the heat taken in by the oceans during the industrial era now resides at a depth of more than 700 meters, the researchers found.【2016年12月四级真题(第二套)阅读 Section A】
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And,on top of that, I'd specifically asked if I could leave early last Friday as I'd done a lot of overtime during the week.【2016年6月四级真题(第一套)听力 Section B】
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Blood pressure and heart rate are typically at their lowest levels during sleep.【2016年6月四级真题(第一套)听力 Section C】
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Donohue, now a history teacher, agrees that it helped during certain parts of her education: "I can definitely remember what I learned on certain days at school."【2017年6月四级真题(第一套)阅读 Section B】
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During 26 vigorous exercise, our muscles tire as they run out of fuel and build up waste products.【2017年6月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section A】
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During deep sleep, the participants' brains behaved in a similar manner seen in birds and dolphins.【2017年12月四级真题(第一套)阅读 Section C】
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During deep sleep,the participants' brains behaved in a similar manner seen in birds and dolphins.【2017年12月四级真题(第一套)阅读 Section C】
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During every one of these lectures, I try to listen, I really try.【2018年12月四级真题(第一套)听力 Section B】
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During its flight it reached 3000 feet and performed a series of gentle turns all over a safe area.【2018年6月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section A】
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During this decade new forms of entertainment, commerce, research, and communication became commonplace in the U.S.【2017年12月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section A】
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During this renovation the building's owners, CIS, consulted the solar panel company, Solarcentury.【2018年6月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section A】
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However, visitors will be compensated during the closure.【2019年12月四级真题(第一套)听力 Section A】
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In his book, Team of Teams, General Stanley McChrystal describe show the army's hierarchical structure hindered its operations during the early stages of the Iraq war.【2017年6月四级真题(第三套)阅读 Section B】
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It captures the energy which plants produce during photosynthesis, a process of converting sunlight into energy.【2016年12月四级真题(第二套)听力】
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Let's make sure to set a double date during the event.【2018年12月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section B】
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millions of bees have died in South Carolina during aeri】

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