Dutch的翻译与解释是什么

发布于 2023-07-03 22:23:43      浏览 93

Dutch的翻译与解释是什么

详情:

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Dutch
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音标:英 [dʌtʃ]
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解释:
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adj. 荷兰的;荷兰人的;荷兰语的
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n. 荷兰人;荷兰语
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adv. 费用平摊地;各自付账地
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中文词源:
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Dutch 荷兰的来自PIE*teuta, 人民,民族,词源同Deutsch,Teutonic.在14世纪前用于日耳曼通称,在16世纪后指荷兰。
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英文词源:
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Dutch (adj.)
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late 14c., used first of Germans generally, after c. 1600 of Hollanders, from Middle Dutch duutsch, from Old High German duit-isc, corresponding to Old English þeodisc "belonging to the people," used especially of the common language of Germanic people, from þeod "people, race, nation," from Proto-Germanic *theudo "popular, national" (see Teutonic), from PIE root *teuta- "people" (cognates: Old Irish tuoth "people," Old Lithuanian tauta "people," Old Prussian tauto "country," Oscan touto "community").
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As a language name, first recorded as Latin theodice, 786 C.E. in correspondence between Charlemagne's court and the Pope, in reference to a synodical conference in Mercia; thus it refers to Old English. First reference to the German language (as opposed to a Germanic one) is two years later. The sense was extended from the language to the people who spoke it (in German, Diutisklant, ancestor of Deutschland, was in use by 13c.).
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Sense narrowed to "of the Netherlands" in 17c., after they became a united, independent state and the focus of English attention and rivalry. In Holland, Duits (formerly duitsch) is used of the people of Germany. The Middle English sense survives in Pennsylvania Dutch, name of the people who immigrated from the Rhineland and Switzerland.
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Since c. 1600, Dutch (adj.) has been a "pejorative label pinned by English speakers on almost anything they regard as inferior, irregular, or contrary to 'normal' (i.e., their own) practice" [Rawson]. E.g. Dutch treat (1887), Dutch uncle (1838), etc. -- probably exceeded in such usage only by Indian and Irish -- reflecting first British commercial and military rivalry and later heavy German immigration to U.S. The Dutch themselves spoke English well enough to understand the unsavory connotations of the label and in 1934 Dutch officials were ordered by their government to stop using the term Dutch. Instead, they were to rewrite their sentences so as to employ the official The Netherlands. [Rawson]
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Dutch oven is from 1769; OED lists it among the words describing things from Holland, but perhaps it is here used in the slighting sense. Dutch elm disease (1927) so called because it was first discovered in Holland (caused by fungus Ceratocystis ulmi).
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双语例句:
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1. You'll be amazed at the culinary creations possible in a Dutch oven.
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荷兰烤箱能够做的食物之多会让你感到惊奇。
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来自柯林斯例句
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2. A Dutch newspaper photographed the president waiting forlornly in the rain.
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一份荷兰报纸拍到了总统形单影只地在雨中等待的照片。
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来自柯林斯例句
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3. The old Dutch fort with its thick high walls looks virtually impregnable.
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古老的荷兰城堡城墙又厚又高,看起来几乎固若金汤。
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来自柯林斯例句
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4. Dutch colonial authorities imprisoned him for his part in the independence movement.
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荷兰殖民当局因他参加独立运动而把他关押了起来。
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来自柯林斯例句
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5. Dutch police told off two of the gang, aged 10 and 11.
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荷兰警方对一帮小混混中的两个人进行了训诫,他们一个10岁,另一个11岁。
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来自柯林斯例句
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更多相关例句:
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You'll be amazed at the culinary creations possible in a Dutch oven.
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荷兰烤箱能够做的食物之多会让你感到惊奇。【柯林斯例句】
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A Dutch newspaper photographed the president waiting forlornly in the rain.
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一份荷兰报纸拍到了总统形单影只地在雨中等待的照片。【柯林斯例句】
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The old Dutch fort with its thick high walls looks virtually impregnable.
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古老的荷兰城堡城墙又厚又高,看起来几乎固若金汤。【柯林斯例句】
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Dutch colonial authorities imprisoned him for his part in the independence movement.
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荷兰殖民当局因他参加独立运动而把他关押了起来。【柯林斯例句】
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The Dutch annihilated the Olympic champions 5-0.
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荷兰队以5比0完胜奥运冠军队。【柯林斯例句】
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The British and Dutch belong to the same race.
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英国人和荷兰人是同一种族.【《简明英汉词典》】
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The glider was in Dutch airspace.
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滑翔机在荷兰的领空.【《简明英汉词典》】
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Clogs are part of the Dutch traditional costume.
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木屐是荷兰传统装束的一部分.【《简明英汉词典》】
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The Dutch fleet are sailing up the Thames.
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荷兰舰队向泰晤士河上游驶去.【《简明英汉词典》】
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English, Dutch and German are cognate languages.
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英语 、 荷兰语、德语是同语族的语言.【《现代汉英综合大词典》】
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The Belgian player Eduardo Masso has reached the final of the Dutch Open in Hilversum.
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比利时选手爱德华多·马索进入了在希尔弗瑟姆举行的荷兰公开赛的决赛。【柯林斯例句】
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White conned his way into a job as a ware-houseman with Dutch airline, KLM.
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怀特骗到了一份工作,在荷兰皇家航空公司做仓库管理员。【柯林斯例句】
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When Dutch colonial rule ended in the 19th century the civil service was anglicised.
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荷兰殖民统治在19世纪结束时,文职部门已被英国化了。【柯林斯例句】
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He is one of a small galaxy of Dutch stars on German television.
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出现在德国电视上的荷兰明星为数不多,他是其中一位。【柯林斯例句】
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We went Dutch on a meal in the new restaurant in Shaftesbury Avenue.
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我们在沙夫茨伯里大道一家新开的饭馆里AA制吃的饭。【柯林斯例句】
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It has many German, Dutch, French, Spanish and Italian words in it.【2015年12月四级真题(第一套)听力 Section B】
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That's the real struggle because right now I do live in Holland but I really don't socialize much with Dutch people.【2016年6月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section B】
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The 50-year-old father of three and king to 17 million Dutch citizens calls flying a"hobby".【2018年12月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section A】
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The Dutch king has revealed that for more than two decades he has held down a part-time second job alongside his royal duties.【2018年12月四级真题(第二套)听力 Section A】
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The results reveal that while Swedes were the tallest people in the world in 1914, Dutch men have risen from 12th place to claim top spot with an average height of 182.5cm.【2019年6月四级真题(第二套)阅读 Section C】
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Through using CO2, Dutch farmers have been able to .【出自-2012年6月阅读原文】
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As she wrote in her description of the peacock flower," The Indians, who are not treated well by their Dutch masters, use the seeds to abort their children, so that they will not become slaves like themselves.【2018年12月六级真题(第二套)阅读 Section B】
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For Dutch people, Hilversum is all about textile and media industries, and modern architecture.【2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文】
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Hilversum became the media capital of the Netherlands, and Dutch television stars moved into the leafy neighborhoods surrounding the town.【2015年高考英语湖北卷 阅读理解 阅读C 原文】
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The Dutch giant Elsevier, which claims to publish 25% of the scientific papers produced in the world, made profits of more than £900m last year, while UK universities alone spent more than £210m in 2016 to enable researchers to access their own publicly f【2020年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ】

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